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Updated: Sep 1, 2021

Articles on WhiteSpaces are the intellectual property of its writers (and unless otherwise indicated have been written by the site’s owner: Shona Hunter). Articles are published with all rights reserved and subject to © copyright (2019 WhiteSpaces).

This site gives free access to lots of the new and in progress ideas and writings of its owner, Shona Hunter. I do this in order to give the broadest access as possible to academic ideas which are often inaccessible outside of academic institutions. I ask that people respect this spirit of openness in their practices of acknowledgement.

Please do not distribute, copy, reproduce, translate or otherwise publish elsewhere, any of the articles here without express written permission from Shona Hunter. You can use the form below to ask permission.

Readers may promote or repost WhiteSpaces posts on their websites or blogs without authorisation provided the following guidelines are observed:

  1. Do not use more than 10% of the original post/article to promote it. Do please use a word-counter to determine how many words equal 10% so as to abide by this limit.

  2. Provide a link back to the remainder of the post on WhiteSpaces.

  3. Do not under any circumstances alter the excerpt of the post/article in any way.

Any deviation from the above will require written permission from WhiteSpaces.

If you are interested in translating any of the articles on this site, please seek permission.

If you would like to use some of the material published on WhiteSpaces for educational purposes, please get in touch using the contact form below. I will be happy to try to help.

WhiteSpaces follows these same conventions it asks of others in its own citational practices. All direct quotation is followed by a click through link to the originator of the source where possible or to the publisher or the distributor of the source where they hold the copyright.

For images the practice follows the same principles. All images not owned by WhiteSpaces or Commons are accompanied by a click through to the originator of the source where possible or to the publisher or distributor where they hold the copyright.

The inspiration for this copyright statement comes from Race Reflections.

The failure of citational recognition is a cultural and political as well as a material infringement.

Claire Hemming’s insightful work on the storytelling power of Western feminist citation practices shows some the complex politics of inclusion and exclusion embedded in the ways academic work is referenced. Referencing is a form of acknowledgement and appreciation for the ways in which practices, identities and ideas are never singularly owned they are always relationally enacted. There is a social and emotional as well as a material politics in citation. And there are always dangers in selective citation practices which tend to reproduce dominant canons of knowledge in contexts which present as mainstream and aso in those contexts which are struggling against the mainstream.

The bones of Hemming's argument as I read and interpret this, is that there are always limits to acknowledgement. And that these limits are because acknowledgement is produced through passionate attachment to objects, people and texts, which blind as well as illuminate our knowledge of self and others. This means that we forget as well as remember the ideas, texts and people who make-up our present analysis of the world as we think we know it. In short our citational practices are not as rational, reliable and straightforward as we imagine them to be. We need to make special efforts to recognise widely and justly.

There are no easy solutions to the ethical complexity of citation practices. The Appreciations & Inspiration section of this site is part of my attempt to acknowledge the labours of a wider set of ideas, people, places and relationships that have contributed to my thinking and practices but which might be missed by formal referencing practices.

I look forward to hearing from people who do want to recognise this labour via the form below.

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